Willehalm: King Of The Jews?
Introduction To The Fourth, British Edition, Including
ow The Grail Sites Were Found – Wolfram von Eschenbach And The Reality Of The Grail has been presented this summer of 2001 in various private and public (town) libraries in North America (Montreal, Canada and New England) and is now, God willing, to be launched in a fourth edition (with British spelling) in Great Britain in the Rudolf Steiner House in London on October 26. In the previous introduction to the third, North American edition we have already prepared English-speaking readers for the somewhat surprising, if not startling fact that a 9th century King Arthur is located by Werner Greub on the bank of the Birs river (Wolfram’s Plimizoel) flowing into the Rhine near Basle, Switzerland.* Another minor culture shock for the British reader may well be that he or she will search in vain for any actual Grail sites specifically related to Wolfram’s Parzival and Willehalm in the United Kingdom and Ireland – these sites are all to be found, as he or she might say, “on the continent”. Yet, this does not by any means signify that “exports” from Great Britain play no role in this book, on the contrary.
To mention just three that come to mind as having something to do with Great Britain and the English and Celtic spirit: first of all there is the great scholar Alcuin, the representative of Celtic, Scottish-Irish Christianity, who was born in York and who, as the real spiritual leader of the Carolingian empire of Charlemagne, was also the teacher of Willehalm, the historical William of Orange and Toulouse. It was Alcuin who prepared Willehalm for his Grail quest and his ultimate role as spiritus rector of the Grail events of the 9th century as described in this book.
Then there is the Italian-born, cosmopolitan Count Cagliostro, by many –unjustly –considered to be just a charlatan, who in these pages is portrayed as coming from London in 1782 with his wife, the beautiful Serafinia Feliciana, and his friend the painter Lauterburg to help with the design and laying of the English Garden in the Arlesheim Hermitage in Switzerland, including a Freemason meeting hall in the “Cave of Death and Resurrection”, that Werner Greub identifies as the cave of the hermit Trevrizent, located not far from the Grail castle Munsalvaesche on the Hornichopf Hill.
Walter Johannes Stein
Finally, the anthroposophist and personal student of Rudolf Steiner, Walter Johannes Stein deserves to be mentioned in this context, for Stein, although born in Austria (Vienna, 1891), lived the latter part of his life in London where he was advisor to his friend, the well-known industrialist, writer and anthroposophist D.N. Dunlop and, to a lesser extent, to Winston Churchill during the war. Werner Greub quotes from Stein’s book The Ninth Century – World History in the Light of the Holy Grail in order to illustrate his point that Rudolf Steiner, the founder of anthroposophy or science of the Grail, was the first one to distinguish between the microcosmic Christianity of the French Perceval by Chrétien de Troyes and the macrocosmic Christianity of Parzival by Wolfram von Eschenbach, a distinction that is much enlarged upon and deepened in this book.
The Spear Of Destiny
There is of course another English connection mentioned briefly in appendix V entitled “Beyond Truth and Reality – Two Misleading Books For Grail Seekers” of this English translation. In this appendix an attempt has been made to refute the allegations made by the anthroposophical historian and (deceased) critic Christoph Lindenberg in his review by that name that this book by Werner Greub is “beyond truth and reality”.
The other “misleading” book in this review by Lindenberg is namely the bestseller The Spear Of Destiny (first published in Great Britain in 1973) by a student of Walter Johannes Stein, Trevor Ravenscroft. His book is largely based on inside information from his deceased teacher Stein, in which he juxtaposes Adolf Hitler against Rudolf Steiner, claiming that his book was the continuation of Stein’s standard work on the Ninth Century. Contrary to Greub’s work, which supplies detailed geographical evidence in order to prove that Wolfram von Eschenbach was describing factual conditions that can be corroborated by on the spot inspection, Ravenscroft’s book was apparently written as a historical novel and only afterwards, in order to boost sales, promoted as depicting real history, something that Lindenberg did not know or at least did not point out. As such, it is not surprising that, as Lindenberg takes pains to show, many details in Ravenscroft’s dramatic novel are false. He indicates, for example, that many blank spaces in Hitler’s biography that at the time of Ravenscroft’s writing were still unknown, have in the mean time been filled in. Yet this oversight applies to Lindenberg as well, in the sense that at least one of his point-blank denials that Ravenscroft was telling the truth must, on the basis of what since then has become known, be retracted or at least modified. This concerns, as Lindenberg writes in his review, “one of the especially grave, false claims [that Ravenscroft makes] namely the statement that the deceased Chief of the General Staff [of the German army] von Moltke would have relayed – through the tongue of his wife, who supposedly possessed the gift of speaking in tongues – messages to friends of the family of von Moltke concerning the further course of the 20th century, is a fabrication.” However, as the second volume of post-mortem documents on von Moltke’s life and work, published by Thomas Meyer in 1993 * show: The deceased General von Moltke did indeed send post-mortem letters to his wife on the future course of the 20th century, only the medium in this case was not his clairvoyant wife, but Rudolf Steiner.
Be that as it may, Lindenberg’s scathing review of The Spear of Destiny did not prevent it from becoming a best-seller, while his dismissal of How The Grail Sites Were Found, being a book originally written in German, had more success: It prompted many anthroposophists, for whom it was primarily (but not exclusively) written, to dismiss it as well. – including for a while the writer of these lines. Moreover, as already referred to in the first introduction, it apparently prevented the leadership of the Goetheanum from publishing, as originally announced in the first volume, the two remaining ones of Werner Greub’s projected Grail trilogy Willehalm Kyot – Wolfram von Eschenbach ‘s Source and From Grail Christianity to Rudolf Steiner’s Anthroposophy, which were then later published as manuscripts by the Willehalm Institute in Amsterdam (see appendix 7) and in 2003 and 2004 by his son Dr Markus Greub.
Holy Blood and the Holy Grail
An even bigger best-seller than The Spear Of Destiny in England and elsewhere was of course Holy Blood and the Holy Grail by Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln, first published in the United Kingdom on 1982 and republished with a postscript in 1996. In our previous introductions as well as in the footnotes to appendix III The Arlesheim Hermitage as Grail Landscape we have already referred to this book as well as to the multitude of sequels that it spawned or for which it set the stage, such as the books by Michael Bradley and Sir Lawrence Gardner.
In our first introduction How This Publication Came About credit was given to the astrosopher Robert Powell “who in the summer of 1979 published an extract from this present volume entitled The Pre-Christian Grail Tradition of the Three Kings in his (now defunct) Mercury Star Journal vol. 5, no. 2, that was mentioned in the bestseller Holy Blood and the Holy Grail in connection with Willehalm-Kyot.” Indeed, Willehalm plays a prominent role in the Holy Blood and the Holy Grail where he is usually called Guillem of Gellone, but also given other titles such as Comte de Razès and even King of the Jewish principality Septimania in the south of France, the Languedoc. The reference to Guillem occurs in chapter 11 The Holy Grail in the section The Story of Wolfram von Eschenbach on page 317. This occurs after it is claimed, without any evidence or footnote – not altogether untypical for this book –that “the [Grail] Castle [Munsalvaesche] itself is situated in the Pyrenees”, suggesting that this is somehow to be gleaned from Wolfram’s third (unfinished) work Der Junge Titurel, which it is definitely not.
Then the passage continues:
In addition to Der Junge Titurel, Wolfram left another work unfinished at his death – the poem known as Willehalm, whose protagonist is Guillem de Gellone, Merowingian ruler of the ninth-century principality straddling the Pyrenees. Guillem is said to be associated with the Grail family.
Here there is a footnote: “Greub, ‘The Pre-Christian Grail Tradition’, p. 68.” In the bibliography under Greub, W., it is then mentioned that this article from the Mercury Star Journal is an extract from Wolfram von Eschenbach und die Wirklichkeit des Grals. This extract is probably taken from the Chapter Kyot the Provençal, long after Kyot has been identified by Greub as Willehalm or Guillem of Gellone, something which apparently the authors of the Holy Blood… overlooked or did not see fit to mention. In the Postscript to the 1996 edition of the Holy Blood…(on p. 475) Wolfram himself is given as the source, again without any reference, for something, which as Werner Greub does indeed show to be the case, but for which no or even wrong evidence is given:
Guillam (sic) was also cited by Wolfram von Eschenbach as a member of the Grail family.
After devoting a sub-section to “Prince Guillem, Comte de Razès” in the chapter “The Long-haired Monarchs”, the Holy Blood and the Holy Grail relates the following about Willehalm in the one to last chapter “The Grail Dynasty”:
Despite subsequent attempts to conceal it, modern scholarship and research have proved Guillem’s Judaism beyond dispute. Even in romances – where he figures as Guillaume, Prince of Orange – he is fluent in both Hebrew and Arabic. The device on his shield is the same as that of the Eastern ‘exilarchs’ – the Lion of Judah, the tribe to which the house of David and subsequently Jesus, belonged. He is nicknamed ‘Hook-Nose’. And even amidst campaigns, he takes pains to observe the Sabbath and the Judaic Feast of the Tabernacles…He was not only a practicing Jew, however. He was also a Merowingian. And through Wolfram von Eschenbach’s poem, he and his family are associated with the Holy Grail.
The authors of the above base themselves on a scholarly and voluminous work entitled A Jewish Princedom in Feudal France 768-900 by Arthur J. Zuckerman, Adjunct Professor of History and Director of the Hillel Foundation at the City College of New York and Professor of medieval Civilization at the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College, a work that we have already referred to in our refutation of Lindenberg’s review in the appendix. Zuckerman’s erudite research report was published in 1972 by Columbia University Press New York and London with a grant from the Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture and an additional grant from the Kohut Foundation, and edited under the auspices of the Centre for Israel and Jewish Studies at Columbia University.
We mention the impressive list of credentials and financial backers of this work in order to indicate that we are not simply dealing here with obscure literary and religious skirmishes in an academic ivory tower, but with fundamental issues and values underlying our Western civilisation of which indeed Willehalm is an icon.
Willehalm, King of the Jews?
Is Willehalm of noble Jewish origin from the House of David? This indeed is possible, but refers only to his background, his bloodline. And as we have mentioned with respect to the greatest miracle that Trevrizent calls Parzival’s revolutionary attainment of the Grail kingship – the bloodline has outlived its significance as a determining factor for the spiritual development of one’s personality in general and for the justification of fulfilling the office and function of kingship in particular. For the purpose of the latter, the new royal art of social organics has become the guiding principle with which to nominate, select and “crown” candidates for this high office.
The arguments for the claim, however, that Willehalm was also a practicing Jew, or even King of the Jews, such as his nickname “Hook-nose” and the interpreted statements from the romances, whereby probably the French chansons de geste are meant, and other sources do not hold – whereby it should be remembered that according to the Gospel of John (Ch. 18 and 19) the title King of the Jews was given to Jesus Christ, who denied it, by Pontius Pilate and to the chagrin of the Chief Priests. Willehalm’s nickname in French was “Court Nez” and had nothing to do with a hooked nose, but referred to the missing tip of his nose, a loss he incurred in combat from the slash of a sword. And the degree of reliability of the romances are in this book shown to be rather scanty, as are the reports of the court and church historians of that time, who were all more or less biased in favour of their respective ‘employer’, a conclusion that Zuckerman in his book also reaches.
But all these are relatively minor points in comparison to the convincing image that Werner Greub, immaculately based on the work of Wolfram von Eschenbach, conveys in Part I of this book. Willehalm-Kyot is portrayed as the most advanced, all-rounded and courageous army-commander, knight, scholar and Grail Christian of his time, well versed in the civilisations of the ancient East and the newly emerging West, who was able to convert the Arabian princess Arabel to Christianity just because of his all-encompassing, macrocosmic Grail or Celtic Christianity that had preserved the link to the ancients, the pre-Christian tradition of the Three Kings. And as supreme commander of the Carolingian army at the southern flank of the threatened Empire, he had successfully resisted the take-over and subjugation of Europe by the Moors, thereby setting the stage for the new universal spiritual impulse brought on by Parzival under the Star of Munsalvaesche on free Christian soil, an event in which as Kyot the Provençal he himself assumed the role of spiritus rector, and as Kyot of Katelangen became one of the leading actors in this Christian mystery drama.
Greub ends his work with a reference to the prologue to Wolfram’s Willehalm, an appeal to the Holy Trinity, an exclusively Christian concept, to assist him in composing his hymn:
May the help of Thy loving Kindness inspire my heart and mind aright and grant me skill enough to praise in Thy Name a knight who never forgot Thee. Even if he merited Thy displeasure by sinful action, Thy Mercy knew how to guide him to work, of such a kind that, with manly courage at his disposal and by means of Thy Grace, he was capable of making amends. Thy Help often saved him from peril. He risked a twofold death, of the soul and of the body too, and frequently suffered anguish through the love of a woman.
This may be sufficient to indicate, if not to prove that, based on the findings of this remarkable book on the personality and work of Wolfram von Eschenbach, the answer to the question that we placed at the head of this introduction must be negative: Willehalm was not a Jewish King, but a Christian Saint.
Towards A Willehalm Society
Now it is obvious that with the above remarks and passages, however, the discussion and debate about the issues at hand and indeed many others that are raised by this book has only at best been opened and needs to be continued in an appropriate form and forum. In his foreword to this present volume the former president of the General Anthroposophical Society Rudolf Grosse calls for a thorough scientific discussion on the merits of this book, and throughout it and especially in the epilogue, Werner Greub invites scholars to enter the many new avenues of research that his book opens up. None of this has to my knowledge really been taken up yet; indeed since its publication in 1974 not one word has been “wasted” on it, apart of course from the devastating review by Lindenberg and the notice of Greub’s death, in any of the official organs of the General Anthroposophical Society or in any of its branches throughout the world.* This is thus one of the reasons, indeed justifications for the founding of a Willehalm Society for Grail Research, Royal Art and Social Organics, as suggested in the introduction to the first edition. Such an interested circle of supporting friends centred on a spiritually active Institute with a publication journal and regular newsletter in the form and spirit of the Anthroposophical Society with its core the School of Spiritual Science has existed in a small, but seminal form in the Netherlands since 1990. However, in order to realize any of the objectives and research projects raised by this book, much more needs to be done, hence my present plea. Accordingly, this was part of the subject and indeed motive of my talks, backed up by the various book presentations to members and friends of the Anthroposophical Society this summer at the Rudolf Steiner library Ghent NY and in Montreal, Canada; the last talk being on September 10, 2001 to a closed meeting of the English and French speaking groups of the Anthroposophical Society in Montreal.
The September 11 Disaster en de Kardeiz Saga
This brings me to the disaster of September 11, for it does not seem appropriate to end this introduction to the British edition without enlarging somewhat on the initial reaction I wrote in Montreal to this disaster in the light of this book, its background and the substance of recent talks and presentations held in North America. ** This initial reaction, placed in a footnote to the Postscript of the third (North American) introduction and dated September 19 went as follows:
Never has the need been greater for a strong mediating force of the middle between two hostile, opposite camps that are both convinced that they are involved in a (holy) war, a crusade to eradicate evil, i.e. each other. As portrayed by the symbol on Wolfram von Eschenbach’s coat-of-arms, this task of balancing, i.e. neutralizing two opposing (divine) forces has always been the task of Grail knights. Is it too much to say that this tragedy could have been averted, if there had been a really new Grail Community centred around a modern Grail castle Munsalvaesche in the world and therefore also in America? Averted in the sense that the conflict could have been diverted from the physical arena to the soul realm where the differences could have been ironed out by peaceful, spiritual means.
Now the first thing that needs to be said, indeed admitted, is that the very occurrence of this man-made disaster, this horrific example of man’s inhumanity to man, is a tragic indication of the failure of politics and ultimately of the spiritual-cultural sphere of the social organism on the planet. For as Rudolf Steiner has pointed out in his essay Anthroposophy and The Social Question where he developed his fundamental social law, practical ideas are the very life-sustaining sustenance for this social organism, without them the inevitable result will be disaster, hunger, chaos and in the end war. The individual, the human body, can indeed be helped by giving him or her bread, a community, i.e. a social body, can only be aided by helping it to attain a viable worldview. Since this outbreak of war and the ensuing bloodshed and suffering of many innocent people on both sides is indicative of the moral bankruptcy and failure of the spiritual life, then this also applies to the General Anthroposophical Society and its present leadership at the Goetheanum in Dornach, Switzerland, as well as to the various national Anthroposophical Societies and related groups, indeed the Willehalm Institute included, in as far as these organisations are part of the present impotent spiritual life of mankind on earth.
A corollary to the above fundamental law is that the individual human being or any number of them can be destroyed, but that the human being as such, humanity itself can only be destroyed by eradicating the true, good and beautiful image of that humanity and a human society constructed in its image. This anti-anthroposophy, this dehumanisation is indeed the “highest” form of slouching terrorism that is the least noticed for where and what it is. Now, this structural and principled destruction of humanity and a humane society in its image has been exactly what modern, materialistic science, in spite of its undeniable technical advances, has been doing; and radically complementing and revising this basically inhuman, or at least incomplete science of man and mankind is exactly what Rudolf Steiner has brought to bear with his anthroposophy or science of the Grail.
The mission of spreading and deepening this true image of man and his society he entrusted to the Anthroposophical Society, which was founded anew in 1923 and to its centre of research and development, the Goetheanum, Free University of Spiritual Science, which, as we have seen, in 1974 published, but then dropped this present volume and its sequels. Yet in spite of the individual efforts of many well-meaning and indeed brilliant anthroposophists, often working in complete isolation and abject poverty, the leadership of the newly refounded Anthroposophical Society already before the early death of Rudolf Steiner in 1925 has in general failed to observe and fulfil its one and only task: to realise the original statutes of this Society statutes (later called principles) as an all-embracing new principle of civilisation called social organics that is destined to supersede the more than 2000 year old democratic principle. Not only has it failed to do this, but it has for the last twenty odd years resisted and suppressed all attempts by individuals, including the author, and small groups to uncover and correct this. Only recently, in the face of increasing pressure and dissent, has the leadership begun to face this constitutional dead-lock, although it is far from acknowledging that this is the main structural cause for the state of world-wide paralysis, analogous to the sick Fischer king Anfortas, in which the Anthroposophical Society finds itself. What we have here is thus a general human society which has been entrusted with the true image of man and mankind on earth, but which has not managed to remain true to itself and therefore cannot attain its mission to become a vanguard of the new principle of civilization! Before anything else can be put in order and healed in this world, it must be the Anthroposophical Society.
In effect, what we have been doing here is nothing else than asking the Parzival question: “Uncle”, – in this case the Anthroposophical Society and its leadership, and in a general sense the spiritual life of humanity – “What ails you?” Yet, since this is not an individual matter, but an issue facing a community at large, this Parzival-question needs to be asked by at least one fifth of its members, i.e. some 10.000 anthroposophists all over the world, for this is the quorum according to Swiss Civil law (on associations) needed to support the idea of holding an extra-ordinary General Meeting of the Anthroposophical Society – the first such meeting since 1923, when the Anthroposophical Society was refounded in Dornach, Switzerland. For since 1925 annual meetings have been held of the administrative and economic pendant of the Anthroposophical Society, namely the General Anthroposophical Society, Inc. These two similar sounding social bodies were long considered to be one and the same. In reality they were conceived as different in quality from each other, albeit related, as for example Grail knights-of-the word such as Parzival on the one hand and Arthurian knights-of-the sword such as Gawain on the other, the former more heavenly, the latter more earthly orientated. Epistemologically speaking they are as different from each other as mental pictures are from pure concepts. The former being individualised concepts applied to a percept in an act of knowledge and forming the basis of administration; the latter being universal ideas that have not been applied to percepts and constituting the realm in which social design, royal art can be practiced.*.
Now, as Part II entitled Parzival of this book demonstrates, Parzifal asked his question with which he redeemed Anfortas and became Grail King on Whitsuntide, May 12, 848 in the Grail castle Munsalvaesche in the Arlesheim Hermitage. On April 8, 2001 a Parzifal question in the above communal sense was put by the author in the form of a motion to the General Assembly of the General Anthroposophical Society at the Goetheanum in nearby Dornach as the first act of a real-life communal mystery play entitled the Kardeiz Saga to Review, Recall and Restore the Anthroposophical Society.** The historical basis for this play is inspired by this very book by Werner Greub, for in it Kardeiz is shown to be the second son of Parzival who as a youth was already crowned King on Whitsuntide May 13, 848 in Dornach and given the task of regaining the lands and towns (Waleis, Norgals, Kanvoleiz, Kingrivals, Anschouwe and Bealzenan, all situated in present-day Alsace, France) that were taken away from his father by the usurper Lahelin, a task which he, after having been educated by his uncle Willehalm-Kyot, fulfilled admirably. The historic parallels implied by the Kardeiz Saga – a realm of royal art has been usurped and must be liberated and restored to its original state in order to fulfil its mission to advance humanity to a true image or concept of itself – may have by now become apparent; for the details I refer to my foreword to the social-aesthetic study The Principles of The Anthroposophical Society, which forms the more spiritual basis for the Kardeiz Saga. What remains here is to attempt to further substantiate in what sense this Saga can be seen as a modern Grail task and what relevance it has for a post September 11 world situation
For that we call to aid a perspective from Walter Johannes Stein mentioned in the book by the Dutch writer Willem Frederik Veltman Tempel en Graal (Temple and Grail, published by Hesperia in Rotterdam, 1989; not translated). In a chapter The Mystery of Gold on the three historic grades of chivalry, it is developed that the Grail impulse of the 20th century – and no doubt also for the 21st – lies in transforming the driving force of the world economy from egoism to altruism. The first one is the grade of Faith (Peter), the second one of Hope (James), both lying in the past, while the current and future one is the grade of Charity or Love (John). Veltman writes: “This Grade of John can only be realized today and has to do with a world economy based on a truly Christian love. But for the time being, the world economy as a world power is still developing in an opposite direction.”
How this can be considered a Grail task – the harmonisation of two polarities through a middle force – has been shown by Rudolf Steiner in his lectures and seminars on World Economy in Dornach 1924. In the first of these 14 lectures he states that what he is about deliver is the new language, based on a new way of thinking, with which to present social organics, the idea of the threefold nature of the social organism, in the near future and that it is above all necessary to come to an understanding of the concept social organism as consisting of humanity and the earth as a whole, as one. This social organism or environment is – this follows from other works by Rudolf Steiner in concordance with the New Testament – in essence the body of Christ, but He can only properly incarnate into this whole earth, if we as humanity practice and implement Rudolf Steiner’s World Economy by creating the right balance between the production factors of the social organism: nature, labour and capital (spirit). The interaction between these three production factors constitutes the two ways that economic values arise: labour applied to nature bringing about the more earthly value of transubstantiation; spirit (intelligence) applied to labour the more heavenly value of incarnation. The cardinal question here is to bring these two ways of creating economic values into harmony by producers, traders and consumers, united in economic associations spanned across the globe, so that just, fair prices can come about. This radical alternative form of globalisation is the Christian justification for the threefold social order or social organics, and can be seen as a modern Grail task because, again, it is question of creating a just balance between two opposing forces or factors, in this case nature and capital (spirit).
This collective balancing act in the physical, outer world has its individual pendant in the individual realm of human knowledge and action as portrayed in Rudolf Steiner’s Philosophy of Spiritual Activity. For knowledge is the synthesis of a given percept mediated to us by our senses with the proper, corresponding concept supplied by our own act of thinking, while action, a human deed is the synthesis of motive and driving force.
This Grail task, as symbolized by Wolfram’s coat-of-arms (see plate A) is portrayed in another way by Rudolf Steiner in his wooden sculpture, made with the assistance of among others the English sculptress Edith Maryon, entitled Representative of Humanity. It shows a trinity: a solid and balanced human figure in the middle separating and harmonizing two opposing forces or beings: Ahriman or Satan, the cynical oppressor being held and chained down to the earth and Lucifer or the Devil, the enticer in the heights misleading to a brilliance without soul warmth (see plate B). This 9 metre high structure was meant by Rudolf Steiner to stand in and form the background of all the proceedings in the first Goetheanum, which like the Grail castle Munsalvaesche was a theatre for the staging of Christian mystery plays. It escaped being burned down to the ground when this first Goetheanum, an all wooden structure with two interlocking domes went up in flames during New Year’s eve 1922, but instead of being given this prominence is now stored in the attic of the second Goetheanum, where, far away from the activities on stage in the big hall down below, it can be seen at certain hours – a deviation from the intention of its maker which, it must be said, speaks, even cries out for itself.
By now it may be clear that this Grail motive of a trinity of active neutrality is the major composition principle of Rudolf Steiner’s anthroposophy, justifying its alternative name: science of the Grail. We encounter this principle again in the architectural design of the second Goetheanum, in which two symmetrical sidewalls running north and south connect a polarity of a steep vertical wall to the east with a gently outward sloping wall to the west.
And we see it also in the composition of the statutes (principles) of the newly founded Anthroposophical Society and the corresponding Foundation Stone Mediation, which Rudolf Steiner offered to lay down in the hearts and minds of the nucleus of some 7 to 800 anthroposophists from all over the world who had gathered in Dornach in 1923 during the so-called Christmas Foundation Conference to call this first general (universal) human knowledge-based society on earth further into being. This Anthroposophical Society was, according to its first of 15 statutes (principles), meant to be “a union of people who wish to cultivate the life of soul in the individual as well as in human society on the basis of a true knowledge of the spiritual world.” In the process of realizing this universal charter of a society of free spirits – according to Rudolf Steiner the one and only task of the leadership – its members can unite and elevate themselves to a level of awareness of their higher selves where they can receive the representative of humanity in their own ranks and accordingly constitute the new Grail community. Like the statute of the representative of humanity that was to overlook this process, this new Grail community will consist of a strong and solid middle holding Lucifer (extreme ingrowths, sectarianism, dogmatism) as well as Ahriman (power plays, con tricks, party politics) at bay.
These are the living
conditions, as laid down in an archetypal fashion in the original statutes of
the Anthroposophical Society, under which the Parzival question, asked in
concert by a community, can have the healing effect on it that it did on
Anfortas that Whitsuntide on May 12, 848 in Arlesheim when, as Wolfram towards
the end of his Parzival reports: “He Who for St Sylvester’s sake bade a
bull return from death to life and go, and Lazarus stand up, now helped
Anfortas to become whole and well again.”
To re-enact this real-life communal mystery play, ideally and to begin
with on the location of the original Grail sites in Dornach/Arlesheim in
Grail Sites of Royal Art in the Future?
The newly discovered Grails sites will then not only enter the history books as having been found, but founded anew and harbouring a healing impulse for the future. For the resulting world-wide “Union of People” can then become that strong middle force of active neutrality that was mentioned in my initial reaction to the September 11 disaster in order to help make the world “whole and well again.” The history books will then also thankfully note that a violent clash of civilisations has been diverted in the sense that bearers of conflicting worldviews and religions can iron out their divisive differences, problems and obstacles in newly constituted Olympic Games of The Spirit with the participants competing for the best ideas toward the solutions of the problems facing mankind and the earth. Finally, the writing of history books will remain necessary, for history – contrary to what has been claimed – will not have come to an end, for want of any alternative to the present liberal, capitalist based democracies, since the demise of communism. For an all-embracing worldview, a reunion of art, science and religion is waiting in the wings to make its long over-due appearance; it is called anthroposophy, science of the Grail, its social component is social organics. A new Royal art can lead the way.
Robert J. Kelder,
* For an introduction
to King Arthur in
* Helmuth von Moltke
1848-1916 – Dokumente zu Seinem Leben und Wirken, Band 2 Briefe von Rudolf
Steiner an Helmuth und Eliza von Moltke: Perseus Verlag Basel 1993. A slightly abbreviated
version of the first and second volume of this have been translated into
English and was published under the title Light For The New Millennium by
the Rudolf Steiner Press,
* One example: On the
occasion of Werner Greub's death on
** Next to this present volume, two new editions of translations of works by Herbert Witzenmann, already referred to in the first introduction, were presented: The Just Price – World Economy as Social Organics and The Principles of the Anthroposophical Society with a Foreword Introducing the Kardeiz Saga to Recall the Anthroposophical Society. Both of them included extensive introductions on which the following remarks in connection with the September 11 disaster are partly based and which need to be consulted by those who want to pursue the matter further. Here only a broad outline can be given.
* For this epistemological distinction see Rudolf Steiner's Philosophy of Spiritual Activity and Herbert Witzenmann's social-aesthetic study Gestalten oder Verwalten / Rudolf Steiners Sozialorganik – ein neues Zivilisations-prinzip (Dornach, 1986) (To Create or Administrate – Rudolf Steiner's Social Organics/ A New Principle of Civilization) not yet translated.
** This motion with the motivation for it was printed in full in the German issue of the Goetheanum News for Members (Nachrichtenblatt, nr 9/2001) on February 25, 2001. The motion itself was expediently eliminated by an anti-motion put to the General Assembly with the full consent of the leadership and was accordingly not discussed and dealt with it at all. For further details see my foreword to The Principles of the Anthroposophical Society and my forthcoming book on the Kardeiz Saga A Union of People.